Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans

Ultimo aggiornamento: 13 maggio 2021

Gamkrelidze T.V., Ivanov V.V.

Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans

A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture

Mouton De Gruyter, Berlin 1994

The authors propose a revision of views on a number of central issues of Indo-European studies. Based on findings of typology, they suggest a new analysis of the phonological system of Proto-Indo-European (the Glottalic Theory); they offer novel assumptions about the relative chronology of changes in PIE vowels and laryngeals. Their conclusions are compared with data from Proto-Kartvelian. In the second part of the book, semantically organized presentation of material from the lexicon is combined with analyses of the use of forms and formulae in a broadly defined cultural context. Again similarities with properties of primarily Kartvelian and Semitic are described , and extended close contacts with these language families are postulated. This necessarily leads to a proposal to place the hypothetical Urheimat of the Indo-Europeans in the region south of the Caucasus.

Volume and II of the original Russian edition have been combined in the English version as Part I; the Bibliography and Indexes are published as Part II.


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