Medieval Russian Fortresses AD 862–1480
Osprey Publishing, Oxford-New York 2007
Scheda a cura di: Nossov K.S.
According to Russian
legend, in the year AD 862 the Slav tribes of what is now European
Russia invited a number of Scandinavian princes to rule over them.
However, on the death of these princes, Prince Oleg seized Kiev and
united the Northern and Southern Russian territories, building extensive
fortifications to protect its borders. The rise of feudalism in the
11th century lead to the development of individual fortified sites and
the extended border defenses fell into disrepair. Consequently, Mongol
hordes poured over the border introducing the siege warfare techniques
of the East, heavily influencing the fortification styles
thereafter.Using a wealth of archeological evidence and first-hand
sources, Konstantin Nossov charts the history of the medieval Russian
fortress from its early beginnings until the 14th century, paying
special attention to the development of one of the most iconic
fortifications in the world: the Kremlin.
Introduction - Chronology - The
principles of defence - Zmievy Valy (Snake Ramparts) - Design and
development - Tour of the sites - The living sites - The sites in war -
Aftermath - The sites today - Bibliography and further reading -
Glossary - Index